First-Party vs. Third-Party Insurance Claims

When it comes to personal injury insurance claims, there are two primary categories to consider: first-party claims and third-party claims. First-party insurance claims are made by the insured directly with their insurance provider, while third-party claims are filed by a person (not the policyholder) against another person’s insurance company.

Understanding these two types of claims is crucial to navigating the often complex insurance claims process. In the following sections, we will delve deeper into each type, shedding light on their differences, processes, and respective advantages and disadvantages.

What is a Third-Party Insurance Claim?

A third-party insurance claim is a claim made by an individual who is not the policyholder, against the insurance company of the person responsible for an accident or injury. This type of claim typically arises when the policyholder is found at fault for causing damage or injury to the claimant.

Example of a Third-Party Insurance Claim

Consider this scenario: You’re driving home on a rainy night when suddenly another car swerves into your lane, causing a collision. You sustain injuries that require medical attention, and your car also suffers considerable damage. In this case, if the other driver is deemed at fault for the accident, you have the right to file a third-party insurance claim.

You would file the claim against the at-fault driver’s insurance company, seeking compensation for your economic damages, such as medical expenses, repair costs for your vehicle, and any lost wages due to your inability to work during your recovery. This process would involve gathering necessary evidence including accident reports, medical records and bills, and proof of your lost income, and then negotiating with the at-fault driver’s insurance company to settle.

If your accident was severe, you may also claim non-economic damages, such as your pain and suffering. Further, if the defendant driver was grossly negligent, such as in drunk driving wrecks, you may claim punitive damages, as well.

How Third-Party Insurance Claims Work in Texas

In Texas, like in many other states, the person who is found at fault for causing an accident is responsible for covering the types of damages incurred. Therefore, if you’re injured in an accident caused by another driver, you would file a third-party claim against the at-fault driver’s insurance company. The insurance company then investigates the claim, reviewing evidence like the police report, photos of the scene, and any medical reports to determine the extent of their policyholder’s liability.

If the insurance company agrees with your claim, they will pay you up to the limit of the at-fault driver’s policy. However, if your damages exceed the policy limit, you may have to seek further compensation from the at-fault driver directly, possibly through a lawsuit or in small claims court.

Keep in mind that Texas utilizes a modified comparative fault system. This means if you’re found to be partially at fault for the accident, your compensation might be reduced by your percentage of fault. For instance, if you’re found to be 20% at fault, you might only receive 80% of the overall damages.

Hand using mobile smart phone taking photo of the car crash accident damage for insurance. Personal Injury Lawyer. Comparative Negligence

What is a First-Party Insurance Claim?

A first-party insurance claim is a claim made by the policyholder directly to their own insurance company. This type of claim arises when you, as the policyholder, suffer damages from an accident or incident covered by your insurance policy.

For instance, if you’re involved in a car accident where you are at fault, or in a no-fault accident scenario, you would file a first-party claim with your own insurance provider. The claim can cover expenses like medical bills, vehicle repairs, diminished value, or property damage, depending on the specifics of your policy coverage.

The first-party insurance claims process is often simpler and faster, as it typically involves dealing directly with your own insurance company. However, the claim amount is limited to the terms and coverage limits of your policy, which can be found on your declarations page.

Example of a First-Party Insurance Claim

Consider this scenario: You’re stopped at a red light when suddenly you’re rear-ended by another vehicle. The driver who hit you admits to being uninsured. In this case, you would file a first-party insurance claim using your Uninsured Motorist (UM) and Personal Injury Protection (PIP) coverages, provided they are included in your policy.

Your UM coverage comes into play here as it provides protection when you’re hit by a driver who doesn’t have insurance. It would cover the repair costs for your vehicle and possibly your medical expenses, depending on your state’s laws and the specifics of your policy.

Your PIP coverage, on the other hand, is designed to pay for your medical expenses, regardless of who is at fault. So, even though the other driver caused the accident, your PIP coverage can help pay for your medical bills.

How First-Party Insurance Claims Work in Texas

In Texas, the process for filing a first-party insurance claim is straightforward. First, you must notify your insurance company of the incident as soon as possible. The notification should be followed by a detailed account of the incident and the submission of supporting documents such as police reports, medical records, and repair estimates.

Your insurance company will then review your claim, assess the damage, and determine the compensation based on your policy coverage limits. It’s important to remember that compensation is subject to the terms of your insurance policy. For instance, if you only have liability insurance, your policy won’t cover your damages in an accident where you are at fault. However, if you have comprehensive and collision coverage, these damages could be covered.

Dealing with first-party insurance claims in Texas may seem easier as you are dealing with your own insurance provider. However, it’s always wise to understand your policy thoroughly to ensure you receive the fair amount of compensation you deserve.

Insurance Claim

How Do I Know Which Insurance Claim to Submit?

Determining whether to file a first-party or third-party insurance claim largely depends on the specifics of your accident and insurance coverage. As a general rule, if you are at fault for an accident or the other driver is uninsured or underinsured, you would submit a first-party claim to your own insurance company. Alternatively, if another driver is at fault and they have adequate insurance, you would submit a third-party claim to their insurance company.

However, there may be instances where you could file both types of claims. For example, if the at-fault driver’s insurance coverage is insufficient to cover all your damages, you could file a third-party claim against their insurance company for up to the limit of their policy, and then a first-party claim with your own insurance company for the remaining amount, subject to your policy’s coverage limit. Or if you were hit by an uninsured or underinsured driver, you could file a first-party claim with your own insurance company, assuming you have uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage.

How Does the Personal Injury Insurance Claims Process Work?

The process for a personal injury insurance claim starts with the injured party, also known as the claimant, notifying the at-fault party’s insurance company about the incident. This usually involves providing a detailed account of the incident, including how the accident occurred, the extent of the injuries, and the impact the injuries have had on the claimant’s life. The insurance company will then investigate the claim, which may involve reviewing police reports, photos of the incident, medical records, and any other relevant evidence.

After the investigation, the insurance company will make a decision regarding the claim. If the claim is approved, the insurance company will negotiate with the claimant or their attorney to agree on a settlement amount. This amount should ideally cover all medical expenses, lost wages, and any pain and suffering incurred due to the accident.

If an agreement cannot be reached, the claimant may decide to file a lawsuit against the at-fault party. In this case, the matter will be settled in court, where a judge or jury will determine the amount of compensation the claimant should receive. The process can vary depending on the specific circumstances of each case, including the severity of the injuries and the negligence laws of the state where the accident occurred.

bad faith insurance claims

What is a Bad Faith Insurance Claim?

A bad faith insurance claim arises when an insurance company fails to fulfill its obligations to its policyholder under the terms of the policy or the law. This could involve denying a claim without a valid reason, delaying the claims process unnecessarily, or failing to conduct a thorough investigation of a claim.

Here are some examples of an insurance company acting in bad faith:

  • Denying a claim without a valid reason:  Insurance companies are obligated to honor valid claims. If they deny a claim without a sound justification, it could be a case of bad faith.
  • Delaying the claims process:  Insurance companies are expected to handle claims promptly. Unreasonable delays in processing a claim or issuing payment could be considered bad faith.
  • Failing to conduct a thorough investigation:  Insurance companies must investigate all claims thoroughly and objectively. If they fail to do so and deny a claim based on an inadequate investigation, it may constitute bad faith.
  • Misinterpreting the policy language to deny a claim:  If an insurance company intentionally misinterprets the language or terms of a policy to avoid paying a claim, this can be seen as acting in bad faith.
  • Refusing to settle a claim:  If an insurance company refuses a fair and reasonable settlement offer, particularly if the refusal results in the policyholder having to go to court, it could be viewed as bad faith.

These examples are by no means exhaustive, and it’s always recommended that policyholders seek legal advice if they believe they are a victim of a bad faith insurance claim.

How Does Insurance Subrogation Work?

Insurance subrogation is a legal right that allows an insurance company to make a payment that is owed by another party, and then seek reimbursement from this party. This often comes into play in insurance claims, where the insurer pays its insured for damages, and then makes its own claim against others who may have caused the damage, been responsible for it, or contributed to it.

When a policyholder files a claim, their insurance company will pay the claim if it’s covered under the policy. Then, in the subrogation process, the insurance company may try to recover the money it paid to the policyholder from the at-fault party or their insurance company. This is particularly common in car accident cases where one driver is clearly and completely at fault.

For example, let’s say Driver A’s car is hit by Driver B, and Driver B is at fault. Driver A’s insurance company pays for Driver A’s car repair costs. Then, through the process of subrogation, Driver A’s insurance company would seek to recover the money it paid out for the car repairs from Driver B or Driver B’s insurance company. If the insurance company is successful in its subrogation claim, the policyholder may also be able to recover their deductible, which is the amount they had to pay out-of-pocket for the damages.

How Can a Personal Injury Attorney Help?

A personal injury attorney can simplify the often complex process of filing and defending a personal injury claim. They have the requisite knowledge, experience, and resources to maneuver through the legal landscape, ensuring you get the compensation you deserve.

At Thompson Law, we understand the stress and emotional turmoil you may be undergoing following an accident. Our dedicated team is committed to fighting for your rights, whether it involves negotiating with insurance companies, navigating through the subrogation process, or representing you in court. We’re ready to discuss your case and explore your options.

To find out more about how a personal injury attorney can help you with insurance claims, or to schedule a FREE CONSULTATION with Thompson Law, please contact us today.

No Win No Fee Sign in red with white letters - First-Party vs. Third-Party Personal Injury Insurance Claims

Recent Post

Photo of car accident on road. How to Determine Who is at Fault in a Texas Car Accident

What to Do After A Car Accident in Texas

After a car accident, it is essential to remain composed and follow certain steps to safeguard your rights. These steps will not only ensure your safety but also help you

Read More


How Does the Personal Injury Claims Process Work?

Suppose you or a loved one have been injured by some else’s negligence in an accident like a motor vehicle crash, workplace accident, or slip and fall. You might decide

Read More

Car Wreck Lawyer

When To Get A Car Wreck Lawyer

Following a car accident, you may be asking yourself, “When do I need a car wreck lawyer?” The answer: It is always worth contacting a car accident attorney. Start by

Read More

Personal Injury Claims

How Long Does a Personal Injury Lawsuit Take in Texas?

The first question that many new clients ask when they are beginning the process of hiring a personal injury claims lawyer is, “how long is my personal injury case going

Read More

insurance claim attorney

Minimum Car Insurance Requirements by State

Minimum car insurance requirements vary from state to state in the United States. Understanding the minimum car insurance requirements in each state is crucial for drivers, insurance seekers, and policyholders.

Read More

Punitive Damages are shown using a text - What are punitive damages?

What Are Punitive Damages?

Punitive damages are a type of financial compensation awarded in civil lawsuits. Unlike compensatory damages, which are intended to reimburse the plaintiff for actual losses such as medical expenses, lost

Read More

Truck Accident Guide

Injuries Commonly Sustained in Trucking Accidents

When a heavy truck collides with a passenger vehicle, the size and weight difference significantly increase the risk of serious injury or fatality for the passenger car's occupants compared to

Read More

Thompson Law Guarantee

Thompson Law receives an attorney fee and you pay no legal fees as our client unless we pay you. Thompson Law has 350 years of combined experience in legal representation and has won over $1.8 billion dollars in cash settlements for our clients. We master the art of managing client cases with empathy, compassion, respect and, of course, prodigious skill. Contact us today for a free, risk-free consultation to discuss your accident and your options.

State law limits the time you have to file a claim after an auto accident. If you have been injured in an accident, call now to get the help you need.